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jargon buster.jfif

V4P Jargon Buster

V4P have created this Jargon Buster. 

Below is a list of words, terms or acronyms you may have heard from time to time at appointments and meetings for your child or young person. It is not an exhausted list

and if there is anything you wish to be added please e-mail

jargon buster.jfif


A state funded school in England which receives its funding from and is owned and controlled by central government, not a local authority


Attention Deficit Disorder


Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder

Annual Review

A review that takes place at least once a year and will include the family, looking at the progress that the child or young person has made against the outcomes that are recorded in their Education, Health and Care Plan


Autistic Spectrum Disorder



Common Assessment Framework - the process for gathering and recording information about a child


Child and Adolescent Mental Health Services - offers assessment and help to children and young people


Clinical Commissioning Group - This is an NHS organisation which brings together local GP's and health practitioners to take on commissioning responsibilities for local health services. A CCG plans and arranges the delivery of the health care provision for people in its area.


Equal partnership working between service providers, those in receipt of the service and their families.


Cerebral Palsy - a physical impairment that affects movement. Mobility problems may vary from barely noticeable to extremely severe. Those with CP may also have sight, hearing speech, perception and learning difficulties. Between a quarter and a third of children and adolescents with CP are also affected by epilepsy.


Children and Young People



Department for Education

Direct Payments

Payments that allow you to choose and buy the services you need yourself, instead of getting them from the council. Direct Payments may be available for health care, social care and for the special educational provision in an EHCP


Disability Living Allowance


Early Years

Birth to 5 years

EHC Assessment

An assessment of the education, health care and social care needs of a child or young person conducted by a local authority under the Children and Families Act 2014


Education, Health and Care Plan


Educational Psychologist - a professional employed by the local authority to assess a child's special educational needs and to give advice to school settings on how these needs can be met.



Global Developmental Delay

 Graduated Response

Where a pupil is identified as having SEN, schools should take action to remove barriers to learning and put effective provision in place. This SEN support should take the form of a four-part cycle (assess, plan, do, review) to help gain a better understanding of the pupil's needs and tailor support accordingly. Schools must show evidence of a graduated response whereby they have sought advice, put appropriate interventions in place and evaluated progress before requesting additional or alternative provision through an EHC assessment.


Healthwatch England

Healthwatch England is an independent consumer champion, gathering and representing the views of the public about health and social care services in England. It operates both at a national and local level.


Hearing Impairment



Information, Advice and Support Service


Individual Education Plan - a plan which sets out the support a child is receiving in their school or other setting. There is no longer a specific requirement for children with SEN to have a plan called an IEP under the Code but children with SEN may still have IEPs.

Independent School

A school that tis not maintained by a local authority


Joint Commissioning

Working collaboratively across agencies to assess need, identify resources available, plan how to use resources and arrange service delivery. This also involves reviewing the services and reassessing need, with the aim of improving outcomes.


Joint Strategic Needs Assessment - assessment of the current and future health and social care needs of the local community.


Key Worker

A trained individual who provides personalised support, co-ordination and/or advocacy for disabled children and young people and their families.



Local Authority in England. The local council responsible for managing services in your area. i.e. Wolverhampton City Council

Local Area

The local area includes the local authority, clinical commissioning groups (CCGs), public health, NHS England for specialist services, early years settings, schools and further education providers. Local areas in England are subject to inspection by the Care Quality Commission (CQC) and Ofsted in terms of their effectiveness in identifying and meeting the needs of children and young people who have special educational needs and/or disabilities.

Local Healthwatch

The local version of Healthwatch England in a particular area.


Mainstream School

A school which is for all children, not just those with special educational needs.

Maintained School

Schools in England that are maintained by a local authority - any community, foundation or voluntary school, community special or foundation special school.


Multi Agency Safeguarding Hub


Mild Learning Difficulty


Moderate learning difficulties - not a legal term but often used in relation to the description of a school, i.e. an MLD school.


Multi-sensory Impairment - impairment of both sight and hearing



Not in Education, Employment or Training



Office for Standards in Education - this organisation makes sure schools are meeting set standards


Occupational Therapist - trained to give advice on equipment, adaptations and activities to support the learning/social development of people with physical, emotional or behavioural difficulties.


What children and young people achieve and how their lives improve. For example, going to college, learning new skills, living on their own or getting a job.



A decision-making body who meet to match criteria for services, i.e. short breaks, EHC assessment.


Pervasive Developmental Disorder

Personal Budget

Money that is allocated to individuals to meet assessed needs in place of services that would otherwise be provided directly to the individual by statutory bodies. A personal budget is the notional amount of money which an LA has identified as necessary to secure the special educational provision in an EHCP


Preparing for Adulthood (14-25 years)


Profound and Multiple Learning Difficulty (or Disability)


Home-based educational support for pre-school children with SEN.


Pupil Referral Unit for children who need to be educated out of school, often because they have been excluded.



Speech and Language Therapy


Social Emotional and Mental Health Needs


Special Educational Needs


Special Educational Needs Coordinator


Special Educational Needs and/or Disabilities

Short Breaks

An opportunity for parents and carers of a disabled child or young person to have a break from their caring arrangements, and for their child to have a positive and enjoyable experience.


Severe learning difficulties - not a legal term but often used in relation to the description of a school, i.e. an SLD school.


Special Needs Early Years’ Service - from birth to 5 years


Sensory Processing Disorder

Special School

A school which is specifically organised to make special educational provision for pupils with SEND.



Team Around the Child


When a young person moves from class to class, a different setting or children to adult services.


Universal Services

Services provided to all children and young people in the area.



Voice4Parents Parent Carer Forum for Wolverhampton


Visual Impairment.

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